The process reduces the need for pesticides and fungicides. These wastes should be treated chemically and biologically to make them less toxic and hazardous. All tasks should be defined and inter-departmental cooperation and coordination should be strengthened to ensure seamless implementation and immediate resolutions focused towards correct disposal of garbage, proper treatment of sewage sludge, minimized the use of agro-chemicals, reforestation, construction of drainage systems, and strengthening chemical use related laws. […] Land pollution means degradation or destruction of the earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly, as a result of human activities. The consumerist in us must reduce and the conservationist must increase. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the sources, effects and control of land pollution! 104 99. Farmers must ensure that they use bio-fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers. (ii) Use of biofertilizers and natural pesticides help in minimizing usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. 1. Developing forests in new areas can help reduce erosion caused by rainwater and air thus ensuring increased soil fertility and formation. Much research and technological advances are helping to control soil pollution. The organic waste from houses and hospitality industry can be used to prepare humus. 1. When waste is not disposed properly. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control … The biological method refers to forestry and crop-related soil management. Get a better understanding of the soil environment quality baseline, 2. Pesticides application on crops directly affects non-target organisms, soil health and also reaches to water bodies by leaching from the soil. Another way is through the establishment of soil environmental quality monitoring networks to ensure improved monitoring frequency. Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. To help prevent soil erosion. Soil pollution is a global threat that is particularly serious in regions like Europe, Eurasia, Asia and North Africa, as indicated by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Biofertilization is a process in which certain microorganisms are used to increase the fertility and growth capacity of soil. When dealing with land that is expected to be reclaimed and used for other purposes such as the construction of residential homes or social amenities like schools as it is in the case of mining, there is need to conduct soil investigation and evaluation. In general we would need less fertilizer and fewer pesticides if we … (And Ways to Dispose of), Are Keys Recyclable? Farmers should use organic fertilizers such as manure and adopt the integrated pest management strategy to ensure soil’s health. Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides results in acidification of soil. Below are five ways to control land pollution:-* Better agriculture practices. Control of soil pollution. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper: Environmental pollution - water & soil. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. De-forestation, the cutting down of trees, causes erosion, pollution and the loss of fertility in the topsoil. In areas with excessive pollution or surface degradation, reforestation should be done. Recycling paper, plastics and other materials reduces the volume of refuse in landfills, another common cause of soil pollution. Supervision of unutilized land is also key. Go organic: organic farming uses no … The deposition of wastes should be done in a proper manner and the sewage sludge from the factories should be treated before reaching the ground. Strictly control the pollution of new soil, 7. Biological treatment involves the use of anaerobic microorganisms, such as methanogens and acetogens, which help break down the soil wastes into a less toxic and biodegradable form. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below. In excessive sloping areas, making bunds across the slope helps to prevent erosion. Furthermore, through legislation, the government should phase out production facilities that use traditional industrial production methods and agricultural practices that harm the soil. To ensure the sustainability of the project, the individuals and companies that pollute the soil should be held responsible for the treatment and remediation costs. Extraction of pollutants via thermal remediation – the temperature is raised in order to force the contaminants into the vapour phase, after which they can be collected through vapour extraction. (And How to Keep Them Away), Do Deer Eat Peonies? Embrace technological research and development, 10. Reducing weed growth helps reduce soil pollution. Planting trees--or re-forestation--helps prevent soil erosion and pollution. To ensure long term success in the prevention and control of soil pollution, all stakeholders’ role in the implementation of the soil pollution control should be clear. Designated pits should be used for the dumping of soil wastes. NPCSC Adopts E-Commerce Law, Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law & Amends Individual Income Tax Law (Sept. 3, 2018) NPCSC Session Watch: Separate Parts of Civil Code, Tax Bills, Criminal Procedure, and More (Aug. 17, 2018) NPC Standing Committee … Various steps suggested in order to control soil pollution are as follows: Reducing chemical fertilizer and pesticide use: As the soil erosion has become a major cause of concern we need to adopt the three R's: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle in … Proper management of agricultural land and the practice of organic farming, 5. Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. 2. Ensure proper investigation of reclaimed land, 71+ Shocking Facts About Pollution That are Seriously Eye-opening, 6. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil. Land pollution has a very negative impact on the health of plants, humans and animals. The following measures should be taken to prevent soil pollution: Arrangements for collection, and disposal of garbage should be tightened. In order to properly control and prevent soil erosion, it is paramount that every stakeholder understands the baseline of soil environment quality, which can be done by carrying out sensitizations and surveys on soil pollution. Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution (No. Pollution prevention is a major global concern because of the harmful effects of pollution on a person’s health and on the environment. The relevant authorities should also proactively look for potential risks and point out the alternatives for minimizing the risks. Soil pollution is the addition of toxic and harmful chemicals, salts, microorganisms and radioactive elements to the soil layer. This prevents light from reaching the weeds, which kills them. Strengthening data sharing and establishing the pattern of sharing will help in guaranteeing immediate solutions when the need arises. It is important to dispose of solid waste properly by treated it before it’s released into the environment. In fact, soil can impact on air and water quality as it is home to a wide range of organisms and plays a bigger role in the distribution of plant species. It is also necessary to strengthen the management of soil environmental information to ensure broadened and dynamic data update. (And Uses of Old Egg Cartons), 8. Soil pollutants will hinder the provision of habitats, nourishment, and protection for plants and The existing registrations such as urban and rural planning, agricultural practices, and land management should be revised and updated to include contemporary soil pollution control and prevention measures. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper:Environmental pollution - water & soil. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. Surrounding soil should also be monitored on a regular basis to ensure the soil is not contaminated. Improper disposal of industrial waste, drainage from homes and improper disposal of trash further contaminate the soil. What Are Some Practical Applications of Using UV Light to Control Microbial Growth? The mechanical method of soil pollution control includes the use of contour holding system, gully control, and making bunds. The soil is an integral part of the natural environment. Manure, meanwhile, is always considered preferable to pesticides. Legislations on pesticide management, contaminated sites management, and farmland soil management should as well be updated. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? Strengthen policies that manage pollution sources, Are Egg Cartons Recyclable? Tips to Prevent Soil Pollution. In addition to controlling the pollutants, daily environment supervision should be enhanced. The effort should also include promoting research on common technologies that relate to soil pollution diagnosis, research, and development of advanced data collection and mapping equipment, and soils contamination risk management and control. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and … Develop necessary legislation on soil pollution control, Advantages and Disadvantages of Natural Gas Energy, 3. Governments are also encouraged to enhance spatial planning and management based on the capacity of environment and soil. To ensure consistency, the government should formulate treatment and remediation plans as well as identify responsible entities, identify key tasks, and develop projects database for easy management. Although much concern over the years has been on air and water pollution, prevention and control of soil pollution are as important as air and water pollution control. Soil pollution control 103 98. Use of pesticides should be minimized. If the results show the reclaimed land is polluted, any scheduled activity on the land must be suspended and the responsible body must take the necessary precautions to not only manage and mitigate the risks but to also prevent the contamination of adjacent soils. Weeds soak up minerals in the soil. ii. A soil is polluted when it contains an abnormal concentration of chemical compounds potentially dangerous to human health, plants or animals. © 2019 www.azcentral.com. The following steps have been suggested to control soil pollution. (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), Various Causes and Effects of Soil Contamination, Negative Effects and Simple Solutions To Avoid Palm Oil, Environmental and Health Effects of Fracking, What is Organic Food and 15 Health Benefits of Eating Organic Food, Can You Recycle a Mattress? 3. Soil Pollution Control Technique Caused by Lea d Existing in It . Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. Or the plastic waste generated daily by the high consumption of junk food and other inorganic products. Land pollution refers to all forms of pollution affecting any type of soil: agricultural, forestry, urban, etc. Ones environment grows everyone must pitch in by following methods: ( i Planned! Environmental pollution - control of soil pollution & soil certain microorganisms are used to increase the and. 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