One early cover was “Wimoweh” by US folk music quartet The Weavers in 1952; but the most well known is “The Lion Sleeps Tonight” by The Tokens: an American doo-wop group who released their single in 1961. In 2004, with the backing of the South African government and Gallo Records, Linda's descendants in South Africa sued The Walt Disney Company for its use in The Lion King movie and stage musical without paying royalties to them. The estate was to receive payment for past uses of "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" and an entitlement to future royalties from its worldwide use. He worked in the Mayi Mayi Furniture Shop on Small Street and sang in a choir known as the Evening Birds, managed by his uncles, Solomon and Amon Madondo, and which disbanded in 1933. [3][4] Influenced by the new syncopated music that had been introduced into South Africa from the US during the 1880s, he included it in the Zulu songs he and his friends sang at weddings and feasts. On 8 October 1962, Solomon Linda, the singer and composer of Mbube, which became the pop hit as 'The Lion Sleeps Tonight', died without receiving royalties for his work. Solomon Linda was to be acknowledged as a co-composer of "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" and to be designated as such in the future. Linda, while working as a record packer at South African recording company Gallo Record Company, improvised "Mbube" during a recording session … FELIX CONTRERAS: The song was originally called Mbube. The first appearance of Solomon Linda's original "Mbube" in the United States comes about 1954, when Tony Schwartz used an excerpt of it on N.Y. 19 (Folkways FP 58). They were all Linda's friends from Pomeroy. Although Linda recorded the first version with his group, The Evening Birds, in 1939, the song became an internationally-recognized classic when it was renamed "Wimoweh" and recorded by Pete Seeger and The Weavers in 1948. It was a hit in South Africa that influenced the evolution of a new choral musical style dubbed Mbube which was popular on South Africa’s mines. Best known as the composer of the song "Mbube,” which later became the popular music success, "The Lion Sleeps Tonight," which was famously used in the Lion King creation. His song "Mbube" had made him well known in South Africa. According to Wikipedia, Linda: was familiar with the traditions of amahubo and … This 20th-century classic was written by Solomon Popoli Linda (aka Solomon Ntsele) during the 1920s. "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" is a song originally written and recorded by Solomon Linda under the title "Mbube" for the South African Gallo Record Company in 1939. Linda is credited with a number of musical innovations that came to dominate the isicathamiya style. It was released digitally on July 11, 2019, and physically on July 19, 2019, as part of the film's soundtrack. 1909 Solomon Linda is born. [further explanation needed] (However, at the time, 1961–62, a fast-tempo version by the Karl Denver Trio was the more successful in the UK. It’s estimated that Linda received a total of 10 shillings for the song. “Mbube” has been covered many times by artists around the world. Mbube appeared in Johannesburg in the 1920s. [3], Some of Linda's music can be interpreted as expressing political dissent. Define mbube. If you want to listen to song(s) in the same genre or with the same root with Mbube (or folk music of South Africa), other than checking South Africa you can also check music of Lesotho. [6], The Weavers' Carnegie Hall version was also the inspiration for the 1961 version recorded by popular music group The Tokens, for whom English lyrics were written by George David Weiss and retitled "The Lion Sleeps Tonight"; this is the version which most people are familiar with. The song was adapted and covered internationally by many pop and folk revival artists in the 1950s and 1960s, including Henri Salvador, the Weavers, Jimmy Dorsey, Yma Sumac, Miriam Makeba, and the Kingston Trio. [4] "Mbube" was a major success for Linda and the Evening Birds, reportedly selling more than 100,000 copies in South Africa by 1949. Albums include Mbube / Ngi Hambiki, Township Jazz 'n' Jive, and African Jazz n Jive. Mbube song from the album Legends Of South Africa is released on Nov 2013. It is based on a song in the Zulu Language from South Africa that was written in 1939 by a musician named Solomon Linda. [6][12] The story of the lawsuit against Disney and the aftermath of the settlement is told in the 2019 Netflix documentary, The Lion's Share. Such expressions were an occasional feature of Mbube songs. Check out Mbube by S.A. Solomon Linda'S Original Evening Birds on Amazon Music. Folk Music of South Africa is traditionally brother to some other region(s) in the world. )[10], Despite the popularity and wide use of the song, Linda died impoverished in 1962 of kidney failure. Much of the discussion around the Mbube case, in order to make a strong case of misappropriation both emphasized the original contribution made by Solomon Linda and the unique circumstances of the song's creation. [13], In February 2006, Linda's estate attained a legal settlement with Abilene Music company, which had the worldwide rights and had licensed the song to Disney. Certainly a song called Mbube (The Zulu word for lion) was written in the 1920s by Solomon Linda, a Zulu singer who worked for the South African Gallo Record Company as a cleaner and record packer. Solomon Popoli Linda (1909[1] – 8 September 1962), also known as Solomon Ntsele ("Linda" was his clan name),[2] was a South African musician, singer and composer best known as the composer of the song "Mbube", which later became the popular music success "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and gave its name to the Mbube style of isicathamiya a cappella later popularized by Ladysmith Black Mambazo. While raising a family he continued to perform. Solomon Popoli Ntsele, also known by his clan name “Linda”, was a South African singer known for what is now called Isicathamiya, a type of South African a capella singing later made world-famous by Ladysmith Black Mambazo. It was pioneered by Solomon Linda and was popularised by Miriam Makeba, particularly through the songs "Mbube" and "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", as well as the band Ladysmith Black Mambazo in the 1960s. Solomon Linda (far left) & The Evening Birds, holding 3 of their trophies for singing contests. He and his singing group The Evening Birds recorded the song at Gallo…. "Mbube" by Solomon Linda And The Evening Birds 1939 (YouTube link) In 1939, Solomon Linda was a young Zulu herdsman and singer who had moved to Johannesburg, South Africa, to make his fortune. Solomon Linda is best remembered as the writer of "Mbube" (translated as "The Lion"), one of the most successful songs to come out of South Africa. He and his singing group The Evening Birds recorded the song at Gallo Record Company circa 1939. The primary outcomes of the settlement were: DeMain, Bill. It was not until 18 years later that a tombstone was constructed at his gravesite. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.com. mbube synonyms, mbube pronunciation, mbube translation, English dictionary definition of mbube. Follow the trail of “Mbube”: from Solomon Linda’s Zululand beginnings to its international hit status on Broadway and beyond. It features in the 2019 remake of The Lion King. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Solomon_Linda&oldid=976659451, People from Umzinyathi District Municipality, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Use South African English from September 2012, All Wikipedia articles written in South African English, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November 2019, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A trust was to be formed to administer the estate's copyright in "Mbube" and to receive on their behalf the payments due from the use of "The Lion Sleeps Tonight". Performing Songwriter. Issue 95. The duration of song is 02:45. Seeger retitled it "Wimoweh", an approximate phonetic rendering of the song's Zulu language refrain, "uyimbube" ("you are a lion", from "u-" ["you"], "yi-" ["are"] and "imbube" ["lion"]),[9] and it was introduced to America by The Weavers; they recorded a studio version in 1952 which became a Top 20 hit in the US, as well as an influential live version recorded at Carnegie Hall in 1955 and released in April 1957. [3][4][7], The group evolved from performances at weddings to choir competitions. Linda's musical popularity grew with the Evening Birds, who presented "a very cool urban act that wears pinstriped suits, bowler hats and dandy two-tone shoes". Mbube by Solomon Linda & The Evening Birds is part of folk music tradition in/by South Africa. Although Linda recorded the first version with his group,… Read Full Biography. At the same time, their bass singing retained some musical elements indicative of traditional choral music. To call to a lion you say "mbube." Owen Dean, the lawyer for the family, states in his account of the lawsuit and its settlement: "in 1939 Linda found… Solomon Linda discography and songs: Music profile for Solomon Linda, born 1909. The members of the group were Solomon Linda (soprano), Gilbert Madondo (alto), Boy Sibiya (tenor), with Gideon Mkhize, Samuel Mlangeni, and Owen Sikhakhane as basses. Solomon Linda, Soundtrack: Dead Calm. Malan and the South African filmmaker François Verster cooperated to make a television documentary called A Lion's Trail that tells Solomon Linda's story, and which was screened by PBS. His group was the first known to use striped suits to indicate that they were urban sophisticates. [11], In 2000, South African journalist Rian Malan wrote a feature article for the magazine Rolling Stone, describing Linda's story and estimating that the song had earned US$15 million for its use in The Lion King alone. This 20th-century classic was written by Solomon Popoli Linda (aka Solomon Ntsele) during the 1920s. The Zulu word for lion is "imbube." Solomon Linda's song didn't die with him. [3], Italian immigrant Eric Gallo owned what at that time was sub-Saharan Africa's only recording studio. [6], In 1931, Linda, like many other young African men at that time, left his homestead to find menial work in Johannesburg, by then a sprawling gold-mining town with a great demand for cheap labour. Biography ↓ Songs ↓ Credits ↓ Related ↓ Song Highlights The evening's young The night began Between the bottles in a mirror I'm smiling at myself Look in my eyes and start to count Solomon died in … Solomon Linda is best remembered as the writer of "Mbube" (translated as "The Lion"), one of the most successful songs to come out of South Africa. This 20th-century classic was written by Solomon Popoli Linda (aka Solomon Ntsele) during the 1920s. After collapsing on stage in 1959, Solomon was diagnosed with kidney disease and he died on October 8, 1962. The song’s lyrics are written entirely in Zulu. Mbube or The Lion Sleeps Tonight as it would later become more popularly known is a 1939 Zulu recording by Solomon Linda and his group The Evening Birds for Gallo Records, South Africa. Mbube Lyrics. In his mid-20s, he moved to Johannesburg, where he led an a capella band that charmed audiences in the local beer halls. This page was last edited on 4 September 2020, at 07:04. This settlement applies to worldwide rights, not just South African, since 1987. Although "Mbube" made Solomon Linda a popular performer in South Africa, he received little compensation beyond Pete Seeger's check. Groups such as The Alexandrians were associated with the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union in Johannesburg. He introduced the falsetto main voice, which incorporated female vocal texture into male singing. Solomon Popoli Linda (1909 – 8 October 1962), also known as Solomon Ntsele ("Linda" was his clan name), was a South African musician, singer and composer best known as the composer of the song "Mbube", which later became the popular music success "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and gave its name to the Mbube style of isicathamiya a cappella later popularized by Ladysmith Black Mambazo. [3], Solomon Popoli Linda was born near Pomeroy, on the labor reserve Msinga, Umzinyathi District Municipality in Ladysmith in Natal, where he was familiar with the traditions of amahubo and izingoma zomshado (wedding songs) music. The song is Mbube, produced by Zulu musician Solomon Linda in 1939. Solomon Linda was born in the Zulu heartland of South Africa in 1909. Linda's original was written in Zulu, while the English version's lyrics were written by George David Weiss. Solomon Popoli Linda (1909 – 8 October 1962), also known as Solomon Ntsele ("Linda" was his clan name), was a South African musician, singer and composer best known as the composer of the song "Mbube", which later became the popular music success "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and gave its name to the Mbube style of isicathamiya a cappella later popularized by Ladysmith Black Mambazo. "Mbube" means "lion“ in Zulu. Rock of Ages. The recording was produced by Motsieloa at the Gallo Recording Studios, in Johannesburg. [7], Linda found employment at Johannesburg's Carlton Hotel and started a new group that retained the Evening Birds name. However, it is alleged that, by British laws then in effect, those rights should have reverted to Linda's heirs 25 years after his death in 1962. Linda was born in Msinga in rural KwaZulu Natal in 1909, and went to Gordon Memorial Mission School. [2][6], In 1948, the Evening Birds disbanded, and a year later Linda married Regina. [3], The original South African recording was discovered during the early 1950s by American musicologist Alan Lomax, who gave it to his friend, folk musician Pete Seeger of The Weavers. ... (Mbube)") 1988 Coming to America (writer: "Mbube (Wimoweh)") 1987 Op dolle toeren (TV Short) (lyrics: "Een boutje en een moertje en een schroefje en een nippeltje") / (music: "Een boutje en een moertje en een schroefje en een nippeltje") Genres: Mbube. He never learned to read or write, but he had a knack for songwriting. A trial was scheduled to start on 21 February 2006, but just before the trial, a settlement was reached between Linda's estate, Disney and Abilene Music Company, the true defendant of the litigation, who had granted an indemnity to Disney when it licensed use of "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" in The Lion King. "Mbube" is a song composed by Solomon Linda, Hugo Peretti, and Luigi Creatore. This recording is by Ladysmith Black Mambazo with Taj Mahal. In 1939, while recording a number of songs in the studio, Linda improvised the song "Mbube" (Lion). Instead of using one singer per voice part, the Evening Birds used a number of bass singers. In 1961, it became a numbe… July/August 2006. http://performingsongwriter.com/lion-sleeps-tonight/, "Penniless sisters fight record industry over father's hit song", "ReMastered: The Lion's Share | Netflix Official Site", "Penniless singer's family sue Disney for Lion King royalties", "Copyright in the Courts: The Return of the Lion", "Groundbreaking SA lawsuit sends a message to the world’s cultural power-brokers". It became a worldwide hit. The money will go to a trust, to be administered by SA Music Rights CEO Nick Motsatsi.[14][15]. As was the custom at the time, he sold the song to the recording studio for about ten shillings. v - e - d Solomon Popoli Linda Solomon Popoli Linda was a South African musician, singer and composer. The Weavers' version was subsequently covered by The Kingston Trio in 1959. Someone in America [Pete Seeger] heard it and decided to write English words. Menu. The original was written and recorded in 1939 by Solomon Linda, a … Solomon Linda and Mbube: Our story begins in South Africa in the 1930s, where Zulu musician Solomon Linda was trying to establish himself in the Ladysmith area of Natal. The song was originally performed in the 1930s in South Africa by Solomon Linda in which the song was later adapted into " The Lion Sleeps Tonight " in 1961 by The Tokens which would later be used in the 1994 version of The Lion King. Schwartz is an award-winning media guru, who has among his many accomplish- ments the first use of real children's voices in commercials (instead of actors imitating children). [6], After Linda started working at the Gallo Record Company's Roodepoort plant in 1939 as a record packer,[8] the Evening Birds were witnessed by company talent scout Griffith Motsieloa. This song is sung by Solomon Linda. Mbube Solomon Linda’s Original Evening Birds. "The Lion Sleeps Tonight" was to be acknowledged as derived from "Mbube". "The Lion Sleeps Tonight". Tonight," which is a popular song around the world. Linda sold the rights to Gallo Record Company for 10 shillings (less than US$2) soon after the recording was made. After Linda started working at the Gallo Record Company's Roodepoort plant in 1939 as a record packer, the Evening Birds were witnessed by company talent scout Griffith Motsieloa. For example, "Yethulisgqoko" ("Take off your hat", Gallo GE 887) recalls treatment by Pass Office officials, and ends with the words "Sikhalela izwe lakithi" ("We cry for our country"). [3][4][5] He attended the Gordon Memorial mission school, where he learned about Western musical culture, hymns, and participated in choir contests. Solomon Linda (1909 – 8 October 1962) used to be an employee of Gallo records before rising to stardom and in 1939, brought wide attention to this style of singing founded in the Kwazulu-Natal (KZN) province and had spread throughout South Africa during the 1930s. His singing group, the Evening Birds, recorded a song he made up on the spot called "Mbube." Solomon Popoli Linda or Solomon Ntsele, known by his clan name "Linda" (1909 – 8 October 1962) was a South African Zulu musician, singer and composer who wrote the song "Mbube" which later became the pop hit "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and gave its name to the Mbube style of isicathamiya a cappella later popularized by Ladysmith Black Mambazo. Scanned image of Linda's original Gallotone recording. Mbube is a South African vocal genre, traditionally performed a cappella in a powerful and loud way. It features in the 2019 remake of the settlement were: DeMain, Bill Zulu. 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