All Rights Reserved. [citation needed] Eighth Army chemical officer Donald Bode reported that on an "average good day" UN pilots used 70,000 gallons of napalm, with approximately 60,000 gallons of this thrown by US forces. "Ah, he looks very much like an incendiary," remarked the officer. incendiary material means a flammable or combustible liquid, and includes gasoline, acetone, benzene, butane, jet fuel, fuel oil, kerosene, and diesel fuel. Diff… (figuratively) One who excites or inflames factions into. Arson; 3. On the other side … 6420.5 Fire Setting/Incendiary Material-The possession of any incendiary material (including but not limited to [...] matches, lighters, or lighter fluid) or the use of any material reasonably likely to result in a fire on school property is prohibited. ‘Such incendiary language, bordering on incitement to mutiny, has become almost routine in Republican quarters.’ ‘Prowling the stage like a drunken panther, his tales of emotional torture may have grown tiresome, but his incendiary political material proved a rip-roaring success.’ The component parts of an IID will generally be an Incendiary Material, for example Petroleum; a means of ignition with possibly its own power source, like batteries; and a timer mechanism to control exactly when it ignites. US2530491A US555767A US55576744A US2530491A US 2530491 A US2530491 A US 2530491A US 555767 A US555767 A US 555767A US 55576744 A US55576744 A US 55576744A US 2530491 A US2530491 A US 2530491A Authority US United States Prior art keywords magnesium incendiary dust oxidizing agent starch Prior art date 1944-09-25 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is … 3. Napalm was widely used by the United States during the Korean War,[12] most notably during the battle "Outpost Harry" in South Korea during the night of June 10–11, 1953. Modern incendiary bombs usually contain thermite, made from aluminium and ferric oxide. Napalm: An American Biography Robert M. Neer Harvard University Press 352 pp", "Liquid Fire – How Napalm Was Used In The Vietnam War", Protocol III to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects, United States Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific War) 1946, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Incendiary_device&oldid=984091751, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, prohibits the use of incendiary weapons against civilians (effectively a reaffirmation of the general prohibition on attacks against civilians in, prohibits the use of air-delivered incendiary weapons against. The military used incendiaries to destroy the building. Incendiary Indicators, Management for Arson Prevention and Control. Research by American Reinsurance. Forensic scientists participate in the investigation of major crimes—not necessarily violent ones—and are present at many accident scenes. In the Pacific War, during the last seven months of strategic bombing by B-29 Superfortresses in the air war against Japan, a change to firebombing tactics resulted in the death of 500,000 Japanese and the homelessness of five million more. Tending to arouse strong emotion or conflict; inflammatory. Incendiary bombs were used extensively in World War II as an effective bombing weapon, often in a conjunction with high-explosive bombs. Hand in hand with a timer is usually an incendiary device. This page was last edited on 18 October 2020, at 03:30. In both World War II and Korea, WP was found particularly useful in overcoming enemy human wave attacks. An example of something described as incendiary is a highly explosive and flammable material. Willfully stirring up strife, riot, rebellion, etc. 58+1 sentence examples: 1. [3] Thousands of Elektron bombs were stockpiled at forward bomber bases and the operation was scheduled for August and again in early September 1918, but on both occasions, the order to take off was countermanded at the last moment, perhaps because of the fear of Allied reprisals against German cities. at 5. Fortunately, the fire didn't spread. The most effective formula is 25% aluminium and 75% iron oxide[citation needed]. Incendiary Weapons. Flamethrower; 4. The purposes of incendiaries are to cause maximum fire damage on flammable materials and objects and to illuminate. A further advantage of the alloy casing was its lightness, being a quarter of the density of steel, which meant that each bomber could carry a considerable number. The definition of incendiary is something that is likely to cause controversy, or something that is prone to starting fires. Incendiary definition, used or adapted for setting property on fire: incendiary bombs. The bomb was ignited by a thermite charge, but the main incendiary effect was from the magnesium and aluminium alloy casing, which ignited at 650° Celsius, burned at 1,100 Â°C and emitted vapour that burned at 1,800 Â°C. A bomb or combination of chemicals used to start a fire. Here are some examples of terms of art (reference NFPA 921): Arson – The crime of maliciously and intentionally, or recklessly, starting a fire or causing an explosion. 97 examples: In the first of these, 235 bombers dropped 280 tonnes of explosives and 40,000… Causing or designed to cause fires, as certain substances, bombs, etc. [1], After further experiments with 5-litre barrels of benzol, in 1918, the B-1E Elektron fire bomb (German: Elektronbrandbombe) was developed by scientists and engineers at the Griesheim-Elektron chemical works. Accelerant; 2. An explosive charge would then ignite the incendiary material, often starting a raging fire. The most deadly single bombing raid in history was Operation Meetinghouse, an incendiary attack that killed some 100,000 Tokyo residents in one night. In World War II, such devices were employed in incendiary grenades to burn through heavy armor plate, or as a quick welding mechanism to destroy artilleryand other complex machined weapons. A variety of pyrophoric materials can also be used: Selec… One who creates or stirs up conflict; an agitator. A flamethrower is a ranged incendiary device designed to project a controllable jet of fire.First deployed by the Byzantine Greeks in the 1st century AD, flamethrowers saw use in modern times during World War I, and more widely in World War II as a tactical siege weapon against fortifications.. Towards the latter part of the period, gunpowder was invented, which increased the sophistication of the weapons, starting with fire lances. The original manuscript first belonged to Montmerque, and then passed into the possession of Le Roux de Lincy, who prepared an annotated edition; unfortunately this material, together with the original MS., was lost in the incendiary fires which took place under the Commune (1871). Different methods of delivery, e.g. Capable of, or used for, or actually causing. Though colloquially often known as bombs, they are not explosives but in fact are designed to slow the process of chemical reactions and use ignition rather than detonation to start or maintain the reaction. by Julia Friedman. An incendiary device is any firebomb, and any device designed or specially adapted to cause physical harm to persons or property by means of fire, and consisting of an incendiary substance or agency and a means to ignite it. remnants of the incendiary materials. Torches or flashlights are sometimes used to ignite IIDs. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Many different configurations of incendiary bombs and a wide range of filling materials such as isobutyl methacrylate (IM) polymer, napalm, and similar jellied-petroleum formulas were used, many of them developed by the US Chemical Warfare Service. [4] The Royal Air Force had already used their own "Baby" Incendiary Bomb (BIB) which also contained a thermite charge. In the case of napalm, the gel adheres to surfaces and resists suppression. 14. Incendiary definition is - igniting combustible materials spontaneously. An incendiary bomb is used to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using materials such as napalm, thermite, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus. I am writing this on October 1, 2020. [8] For example, a large bomb casing was filled with small sticks of incendiary (bomblets); the casing was designed to open at altitude, scattering the bomblets in order to cover a wide area. Reportedly about 388,000 tons of U.S. napalm bombs were dropped in the region between 1963 and 1973, compared to 32,357 tons used over three years in the Korean War, and 16,500 tons dropped on Japan in 1945.[16][17]. The principal's incendiary remarks about their clothes were not appropriate for the students to hear. There was also a high explosive version and delayed high explosive versions (2–4 minutes) which were designed to kill rescuers and firefighters. Napalm for example, is petroleum especially thickened with certain chemicals into a 'gel' to slow, but not stop, combustion, releasing energy over a longer time than an explosive device. Fuel-air explosive; 5. The soldiers were trained to deal with incendiary attacks. WP was widely credited by many Allied soldiers for breaking up numerous German infantry attacks and creating havoc among enemy troop concentrations during the latter part of World War II. An incendiary device exploded in the store, setting fire to furniture. It was normal for a proportion of high explosive bombs to be dropped during incendiary attacks in order to expose combustible material and to fill the streets with craters and rubble, hindering rescue services. For example, a tall taper is set in the floor of a closet surrounded by newspapers. It has been exactly ten days since the National Gallery of Art website posted a joint “Statement from the Directors” of the NGA, Boston MFA, Tate Modern and Houston MFA—the four venues where the long-awaited “Philip Guston Now” retrospective was to open this summer, announcing its delay until 2024. Incendiary mixtures, such as the petroleum-based Greek fire, were launched by throwing machines or administered through a siphon. Incendiary – A fire intentionally ignited under circumstances where the person knows the fire should not be ignited. US4060435A US05/590,370 US59037075A US4060435A US 4060435 A US4060435 A US 4060435A US 59037075 A US59037075 A US 59037075A US 4060435 A US4060435 A US 4060435A Authority US United States Prior art keywords composition incendiary compositions floatable oxidizer Prior art date 1974-07-11 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. When certain incendiary stories break in the news, I have found that it is almost always better to step back, let a little of the dust settle, and then weigh in. Designs of incendiary munitions vary widely (as do their applications), so this technical overview will focus on the fundamental elements of their operations. Learn more. A person who intentionally starts a fire with the purpose of causing damage or injury. Most people chose this as the best definition of incendiary: The definition of incendi... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Munitions which may have incidental incendiary effects, such as illuminates. Substances such as quicklime and sulfur could be toxic and blinding. The first incendiary devices to be dropped during World War I fell on coastal towns in the south west of England on the night of 18–19 January 1915. As all of these examples indicate, the term forensic refers to anything per - taining or potentially pertaining to law, both civil and criminal. small bombs, bomblet clusters and large bombs, were tested and implemented. The bomb consisted of a hollow body made from aluminium-magnesium alloy with a cast iron/steel nose, and filled with thermite incendiary pellets. On 8 September 1915, Zeppelin L-13 dropped a large number of firebombs, but even then the results were poor and they were generally ineffective in terms of the damage inflicted. Local depletions of material in a container may occur due to its use in another application (such as an incendiary device) by the suspect, and thus taking a sample in the same place the sus­ Following the attack, the survivors were rushed to the base hospital with severe burns from the incendiary weapons. "Fire Setting and Related Mechanisms," Criminal Investigation, Chap 20 Examples of incendiary in a sentence, how to use it. 12–13)", "SUPERFLAMER Dropped by Chute Throws Fire 15 Feet. Causing a strong burning sensation in the mouth; very hot. The 4 lb (1.8 kg) incendiary bomb, developed by ICI, was the standard light incendiary bomb used by RAF Bomber Command in very large numbers, declining slightly in 1944 to 35.8 million bombs produced (the decline being due to more bombs arriving from the United States). Ignitable Liquid Classification System. It takes very high temperatures to ignite, but when alight, it can burn through solid steel. Sample 1 Based on 1 documents Of or containing chemicals that produce intensely hot fire when exploded. Sulfur- and oil-soaked materials were sometimes ignited and thrown at the enemy, or attached to spears, arrow and bolts and fired by hand or machine. Penal Code 18710 PC is the California statute that makes it a crime to possess a “destructive device.” This category includes bombs, grenades, explosive missiles, projectiles containing incendiary material, and certain types of rockets or rocket-propelled projectiles. 4. The United States has confirmed the use of Mark 77s in Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. Chemical Incendiaries. "Incendiary Mixtures," Kirk's 1997, Chap 13 "Chemical Incendiaries," Kirk's 1997, Chap. The Nazi regime began the campaign of incendiary bombings at the start of World War II with the bombing of Warsaw, and continued with the London Blitz and the bombing of Moscow, among other cities. Around fifty-five million incendiary bombs were dropped on Germany by Avro Lancasters alone. Something capable of causing fire, particularly a weapon. Having to do with the willful destruction of property by fire. Examples of Incendiary in a sentence Because Dad had come home in one of his incendiary moods, we kids hid in our rooms to avoid causing him to blow up. the sample will contain four horizons (1, 2, 3, and 5). They were dropped from Zeppelin airships. The U.S. Army and Marines used WP extensively in World War II and Korea for all three purposes, frequently using WP shells in large 4.2-inch chemical mortars. It takes very high temperatures to ignite, but when alight, it can burn through solid steel. [2] The German High Command devised an operation called "The Fire Plan" (German: Der Feuerplan), which involved the use of the whole German heavy bomber fleet, flying in waves over London and Paris and dropping all the incendiary bombs that they could carry, until they were either all shot down or the crews were too exhausted to fly. Five incendiary devices were found in her house. For propaganda purposes the RAF dubbed the new incendiary bomb the Superflamer. Racks holding 36 of these bombs were developed, four of which could, in turn, be fitted to an electrically triggered dispenser so that a single He 111 bomber could carry 1,152 incendiary bombs, or more usually a mixed load. Nevertheless, the civilian destruction caused by such weapons quickly earned them a reputation as terror weapons with the targeted populations. Thickened triethylaluminium, a napalm-like substance that ignites in contact with air, is known as thickened pyrophoric agent, or TPA. [7] Probably the most famous incendiary attacks are the bombing of Dresden and the bombing of Tokyo on 10 March 1945. Munitions designed to combine penetration, blast or fragmentation effects with an additional incendiary effect, such as armor-piercing projectiles, fragmentation shells, explosive bombs and similar combined-effects munitions in which the incendiary effect is not specifically designed to cause burn injury to persons, but to be used against military objectives, such as armoured vehicles, aircraft and installations or facilities. It was the weapon of choice for the British "dehousing" plan. It was capable of burning for up to ten minutes. A destructive device is a bomb or other explosive device.A conviction carries a penalty if up to 4 years in prison and a fine of up to $10,000.00.. Now that concern about terrorist acts on American soil is rising, we can expect to see … The American official who took this statement declined to publicize it. The present invention relates to incendiary devices which are designed to ignite combustible material and are dispersed by means of an explosive charge. The small number of German bombs, also known as firebombs, were finned containers filled with kerosene and oil and wrapped with tar-covered rope. Incendiary devices have caused mill A person who willfully stirs up strife, riot, rebellion, etc. Modern incendiary bombs usually contain thermite, made from aluminium and ferric oxide. Yuri Lyamin and Michael Smallwood, “9M22S Incendiary Rocket Components Documented in Eastern Ukraine,” post to “The Hoplite” (blog), Armament Research Services, October 14, … A person who willfully destroys property by fire. Such devices have both military use in the destruction of property and war materiel and civilian application, for example, in starting backfires for forest fire control. How to use incendiary in a sentence. Updated September 20, 2020. The hope was that the two capitals would be engulfed in an inextinguishable blaze, causing the Allies to sue for peace. 2. Many incendiary weapons developed and deployed during World War II were in the form of bombs and shells whose main incendiary component is white phosphorus (WP), and can be used in an offensive anti-personnel role against enemy troop concentrations, but WP is also used for signalling, smoke screens, and target-marking purposes. A variety of pyrophoric materials can also be used: selected organometallic compounds, most often triethylaluminium, trimethylaluminium, and some other alkyl and aryl derivatives of aluminium, magnesium, boron, zinc, sodium, and lithium, can be used. Probably the most famous incendiary attacks are the bombing of Dresden and the bombing of Tokyo on 10 March 1945. 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Violent ones—and are present at many accident scenes there was also a explosive!