Earlier Monday, the National Hurricane Center said the disturbance had a 60% chance of developing into a tropical depression or storm by Wednesday. As the system moved east-northeast, it lost its associated convection under the influence of moderate westerly shear and colder water temperatures early on October 14.  Aside from Rebekah persisting into November, the month featured one other system, Tropical Storm Sebastien. Hurricane tracking maps, current sea temperatures, and more. 6The wind speeds for this tropical cyclone are based on Météo-France which uses gust winds. , An upper-level trough originating in the mid-latitudes cut off into a broad upper-level low over Florida on May 17. Six hours later, the depression intensified into Tropical Storm Chantal. This included Cyclone Kyarr, the second strongest Arabian Sea Cyclone on record and one of the strongest cyclone ever in the North Indian Ocean. Freshwater flooding inundated several roads in the St. Petersburg area. A subtropical storm named Jaguar formed in the South Atlantic, marking the second South Atlantic cyclone of the year, the first time two have occurred in the same year since 2016. Hurricane tracking maps, current sea temperatures, and more. Although a small area of convection re-developed on July 23, it was insufficient to maintain the cyclone, and it degenerated into an open trough at 12:00 UTC on July 23 about 35 mi (55 km) east-northeast of Cape Canaveral, Florida. August 24, 2019 - Tropical Storm Dorian forms east of the Lesser Antilles. Similar to the previous year, 2019 was above average in terms of the number of storms. Introduction to Storm Surge; Houston area Hurricane Preparedness - Multilingual versions (Houston Language Bank) 2016 Disaster Preparedness Guide for the Houston area - Multilingual versions (City of Houston Office of Emergency Management) Historical and Other Tropical Information. In García, a Venezuelan man died after he was swept away by floodwaters while attempting to clear a drain; the two people he was working with managed to escape. The graphic displays all currently active tropical cyclones, and disturbances with tropical cyclone formation potential over the next 48 hours. The Bahamas missed the brunt of Tropical Storm Humberto, which is expected to become a hurricane Sunday. Saharan dust counts were fairly sedate throughout the month of September. How are these and other storms named? The extratropical low was absorbed by a larger non-tropical feature eighteen hours later. , An upper-level low detached from a broader trough over the eastern United States in early September, moving southwestward into the eastern Gulf of Mexico by September 12. By 12:00 UTC on May 21, the cyclone had degenerated into a remnant low after convection diminished. Little development occurred until the system … The system failed to intensify further and soon encountered colder waters and increasing southwesterly wind shear. Most of the storms were weak and short-lived, possibly because of moderately high wind shear that persisted throughout the season. The mountainous terrain of Saint Lucia disrupted the storm's circulation, though a new circulation formed farther to the north. However, the storm transitioned into an extratropical cyclone by 00:00 UTC on October 26 after becoming embedded within a cold front. The future track of this system is very uncertain. However, decreasing wind shear on the following day allowed rapid intensification to commence. This marked Melissa's transition into a tropical storm by 12:00 UTC on October 12. Updated 1705 GMT (0105 HKT) September 18, 2019 .  Flooding damaged a number of homes, businesses, and roads in a narrow swath of southwestern Arkansas, while several roadways were closed, including a portion of Interstate 30. Pabuk killed 10 people in Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia, causing $151 million (US$2019) in damage. Hurricanes Erick and Flossie each passed near the Hawaiian Islands but neither produced significant impacts. After turning sharply northeast, the storm continued to intensify. About five hours later, the extratropical storm made landfall near St. Vincent Island.  Grand Bahama also experienced extreme impacts, with storm surge submerging at least 60 percent of the island. National Hurricane Center's Hurricane at Home Webinar (April 7, 2020) Hurricane Season Presentation - Hazards and the 2020 Forecast; Hurricane Season Presentation - Huricane Hunters Overview for NOAA and Air Force; Update on National Hurricane Center Products and Services for 2020; What to Do Before the Tropical Storm or Huricane The measure is calculated at full advisories for cyclones at tropical storm strength — storms with winds in excess of 39 mph (63 km/h). The storm caused at least five deaths, all in Texas. 23 hours ago. The season concluded with Tropical Storm Sebastien, which became extratropical on November 24. Storm History. Embedded within the mid-latitude flow, the cyclone accelerated northeastward and transitioned into an extratropical cyclone late on September 7.  On May 6, the Weather Company predicted a slightly-above average season, with 14 named storms, 7 hurricanes, and 3 major hurricanes. After passing just southeast of the Azores, the storm intensified further and developed more convection and a small eye. Cyclone Bulbul caused extensive damage in West Bengal during the early period of the month, with damage estimates likely exceeding over US$2.5 billion. Hurricane Pablo became the easternmost hurricane formation on record, beating 2005's Hurricane Vince. , The following list of names was used for named storms that formed in the North Atlantic in 2019. However, Ambali became the strongest storm of the month, peaking with a minimum central pressure of 930 millibars and maximum sustained winds of 155 mph (250 km/h), thus becoming the first very intense tropical cyclone in the basin since Fantala in 2016 and also becoming the first cyclone of the 2019-20 South-West Indian Ocean cyclone season. , Breezy winds and light rainfall were recorded in The Bahamas, where Dorian caused devastation two weeks prior. CSU noted continuing uncertainty about the intensity of the El Niño, but also increasing ocean temperatures, which were near-normal by then. In the Azores, Lorenzo caused the worst impacts on Corvo and Flores, with both islands reporting many downed trees and power lines. These dates historically describe the period each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin and are adopted by convention. Andrea, Melissa, and Rebekah were the only storms to become subtropical storms through…  In Tennessee, a wide swath of winds up to 96 mph (154 km/h) caused almost 65,000 power outages, forcing school closures for up to two weeks in several counties. Three days later it strengthened to a major hurricane before recurving northward around 40°W. An EF1 tornado in Harris County ripped off a metal roof and a few tree branches while destroying a barn. The forecasts include weekly and monthly changes in significant factors that help determine the number of tropical storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes within a particular year. It began interacting with low-level vorticity along the western edge of a dissipating cold front on May 19, with the two systems coalescing into a broad area of low pressure by 12:00 UTC on May 20. The most active basin in the year was the Western Pacific, which documented 29 named systems. After scatterometer data and satellite imagery indicated the presence of a closed circulation, the system developed into Tropical Storm Olga at 12:00 UTC the following day roughly 390 mi (630 km) south-southwest of Lake Charles, Louisiana. Adding to the season, Cyclone Belna formed and made a destructive landfall in northwestern Madagascar, killing 9 people. However, the cyclone soon began to entrain dry air into its circulation while southwesterly wind shear increased, resulting in a rapid waning of the convection. Four of these tropical cyclones reached the required intensity threshold to receive official names. Cyclone Kenneth became the most intense tropical cyclone to make landfall in Mozambique on record. On October 31, Rebekah turned to the east then east-northeast, entering a region of low relative humidity, increasing wind shear, and even colder sea surface temperatures. A total of five systems strengthened into the equivalent of at least a Category 3 major hurricane on the Saffir Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS)—the first such occurrence since September 2018. Dorian then curved northeastward and scraped the Outer Banks of North Carolina on September 6 before moving ashore at Cape Hatteras with winds of 100 mph (155 km/h). The cyclone was the first tropical storm to form in the western Pacific in four months. At least 43 people in the Bahamas were killed with many others left missing. , Imelda brought catastrophic flooding to Southeast Texas, with a peak total of 44.29 in (1,125 mm) near Fannett.  Karen brought severe flash floods to Tobago, trapping some people in their houses, as well as uprooting trees and causing several power outages. The month of August was the second-most active of the year with eighteen tropical cyclones forming, with fourteen being named, out of all the cyclones, Hurricane Dorian in the Atlantic was the strongest to form and the second deadliest of the month, with 84 confirmed deaths, and Typhoon Lekima became the second most costliest storm in Chinese history (behind Typhoon Fitow of 2013), as well as the deadliest storm of the month, with 105 fatalities. The cyclone reached hurricane intensity at 15:30 UTC on August 28 while striking the eastern tip of Saint Croix in the U.S. Virgin Islands; another landfall occurred on Saint Thomas a few hours later.  Three deaths were reported in North Carolina. The wave headed westward with intermittent convection, reaching the Caribbean on October 17 and Central America by October 22. Early on August 27, Dorian struck Barbados as a very compact cyclone with winds of 50 mph (85 km/h) and then passed over Saint Lucia later that day.  On May 23, NOAA released their first prediction, calling for a near-normal season with 9–15 named systems, 4–8 hurricanes, and 2–4 major hurricanes. At a Glance. Downed trees and power lines left roughly 20,000 customers without electricity throughout Ireland. In the East Pacific, Tropical Storms Narda and Priscilla made landfall in Mexico with significant flooding in each case.  Six of those intensified into hurricanes, with three further strengthening into major hurricanes. As the steering regime transitioned to be dictated by a break in the subtropical ridge, Gabrielle curved west-northwest and then north.  No storms formed in the month of June, but activity resumed in July when Hurricane Barry developed on July 11 and Tropical Depression Three formed on July 22. Throughout early September, the wave underwent prolonged interaction with an upper-level trough in the central and southwestern Atlantic that culminated in the formation of a tropical depression at 18:00 UTC on September 13 east of Eleuthera in The Bahamas. The remnants of Tropical Rainstorm Imelda, which made landfall about 65 miles southeast of the city Tuesday, has dropped 40 inches of rain in the greater Houston area -- … Six of those named storms achieved hurricane status, while three intensified into major hurricanes. Severe Tropical Storm (later Typhoon) Tapah (Nimfa) worsened the flooding situation in the Philippines. This product is updated at approximately 1 AM, 7 AM, 1 PM, and 7 PM EST from June 1 to November 30, with special outlooks issued at any time as conditions warrant. *Spanish translations, when available, are courtesy of the NWS San Juan Weather Forecast Office. Ultimately, activity in regards to number of named storms exceeded all forecasts, but the number of hurricanes and major hurricanes remained within the predicted range. The storm then became extratropical after merging with a cold front about 720 mi (1,160 km) north-northeast of the Azores, before dissipating completely on October 29. Tropical Storm Imelda was the fifth-wettest tropical cyclone on record in the continental United States, causing devastating and record-breaking floods in southeast Texas.  On July 4, the TSR released their first mid-season outlook, still retaining their numbers from the previous forecast.  Retired names, if any, will be announced at the joint 42nd and 43rd Sessions of the RA IV Hurricane Committee (also including any names to be retired from the subsequent 2020 season), in the spring of 2021. The system was designated as a subtropical storm due to a lack of both separation with the parent upper-level low and significant outflow, which are common characteristic of tropical cyclones. The month of September was the most active of the year with twenty-five tropical cyclones forming, with nineteen being named. Moderate Tropical Storm Eketsang killed 27 people in Madagascar in late-January. The system developed a closed center of circulation and became a tropical depression around 00:00 UTC on September 22 roughly 115 mi (185 km) east of Trinidad. Sea surface temperatures, however, were quite high for tropical cyclone development.  Swells generated by Karen in Venezuela caused flooding and power outages in Caracas and La Guaira. Six of those named storms achieved hurricane status, while three intensified into major hurricanes.  Dorian inflicted catastrophic damage in some regions of the Bahamas. It became a hurricane at 18.3°W - the farthest east an Atlantic named storm has first become a hurricane on record - breaking the old record set by Vince in 2005 (18.9°W)", Hurricanes and Tropical Storms - Annual 2019, "Atlantic basin Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT", Tropical Cyclone Report: Subtropical Storm Andrea, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Depression Three, "Tempête tropicale Dorian: Porto Rico touché ce soir", "Barbados escapes major impact from TS Dorian", "Hurricane Dorian does little damage to U.S. Virgin Islands", "While Puerto Rico avoids direct hit, Virgin Islands take significant blow from Dorian", "BVI under curfew till 6am Thursday, centre of Dorian now passed", Hurricane Dorian: WFP Support to the NEMA/CDEMA-led humanitarian response in the Bahamas Situation Report #02, 06 September 2019, "Corpses Strewn, People Missing a Week After Dorian Hit the Bahamas", "Bahamas reports 'total devastation' in wake of Hurricane Dorian", IOM to provide temporary roofing solutions for houses affected by Hurricane Dorian in the Bahamas, "FPL says all Dorian power outages resolved", "Thousands left without power in Charleston County in Hurricane Dorian's wake", "Hurricane Dorian left nearly $15 million in damages from Duck to Hatteras Island", "Hurricane Dorian Hits NC Tobacco Farmers", "New Brunswick picks up the pieces after Hurricane Dorian", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Erin, "Post-tropical storm Erin drenches parts of Nova Scotia, washes out road", "La tempête Erin a laissé jusqu'à 160 mm de pluie par endroits", "Daily Data Report for August 2019: Summerside, PE", "Daily Data Report for August 2019: Chevery, Qc", "Daños por 'Fernand' cierran en 221.9 mdp", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Gabrielle, "Bermudian Engineers Introduce "Slate 2.0, "Country Report from Bermuda for the 42nd Session of the WMO Regional Association IV Hurricane Committee", "Minister: Working To Find Ways To Import Bananas", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Karen, "TT under warning for Tropical Storm Karen", "Severe flooding hits Trinidad and Tobago, Karen heading toward Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands", "Tropical Storm Karen Floods Streets, Traps People in Homes in Tobago", "Tormenta Tropical Karen provocó inundaciones en Caracas y La Guaira", "Tropical Storm Karen Causes Landslides, Power Outages in Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands", "Tropical systems menace Puerto Rico, Bermuda as Lorenzo forecast to become 'large and powerful' hurricane", "Tropical Storm Karen dumps heavy rain over Puerto Rico as storm moves slowly north", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Melissa, "Crisfield, Salisbury Officials Close Off Some Streets Due to Tidal Flooding", "Nor'easter Causes Bethany Beach Erosion", "Storm off the coast causes flooding at Jersey Shore", Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Depression Fifteen, "President Trump approves Mississippi disaster declaration", "Tennessee lawmakers send letter to President Trump supporting disaster assistance", Tennessee Event Report: Thunderstorm Wind, Tropical Cyclone Report: Subtropical Storm Rebekah, Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Sebastien, Tropical Cyclone Naming History and Retired Names, "Why 2019's Hurricane Dorian Wasn't Retired by the World Meteorological Organization", "Hurricane Committee - 42nd session (HC-42)", National Hurricane Center's Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook, Tropical Cyclone Formation Probability Guidance Product, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2019_Atlantic_hurricane_season&oldid=993669936, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––, Central America, Mexico, Southeastern United States, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 21:14. Naming progresses through the year with names assigned in alphabetical order. Alvin, the first tropical storm of the season, did eventually become the first hurricane of the 2019 Pacific hurricane season. With Dorian and Lorenzo both intensifying into Category 5 hurricanes, the season became one of seven seasons to feature multiple Category 5 hurricanes. , Activity began before the official start of the season when Subtropical Storm Andrea formed on May 20. Numerous roadways in Greater Houston and eastward became submerged, including Interstate 10, with floodwaters entering thousands of cars.  Idai was also the costliest cyclone in the South-West Indian Ocean basin, inflicting more than $2 billion (USD) in damages. During the year, a total of 150 systems formed with 102 of these developing further and were named by the responsible warning centre. However, an approaching mid- to upper-level trough and associated frontal system caused Nestor to become elongated and left little convection near the center. It spawned an elongated area of low pressure four days later, and that feature gradually organized into a tropical depression by 06:00 UTC on September 17 while located about 1,100 mi (1,770 km) east of the Windward Islands. However, environmental conditions caused deep convection to decrease substantially shortly after formation. 2:13. The low moved eastward over the western Atlantic during the next day as a large area of convection formed to its east. Barry struck the east coast of Florida during the early part of the month. At 03:00 UTC on September 29, the cyclone peaked as a Category 5 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). Corvo recorded sustained winds of 74 mph (119 km/h) and gusts reaching 101 mph (163 km/h). Late in the month, Hurricane Alvin became the first tropical cyclone of the Eastern Pacific hurricane season, marking the latest start to the season since reliable records began in 1971. The eleventh tropical cyclone and ninth named storm of the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season, Imelda formed out of an upper-level low that developed in the Gulf of Mexico and moved westward. Hurricane-force wind gusts impacted parts of Mississippi, where the remnants of Olga damaged or destroyed 772 homes, 26 businesses, and 27 roads; Tupelo was particularly hard hit.  In Prince Edward Island, accumulations reached 2.6 in (66 mm) in Summerside. The Eastern portions of the Pacific Ocean was only moderately active, likely because of a weakening El Nino trend that started in Late July. However, Tropical Storm Pabuk was the earliest-forming tropical storm of the western Pacific Ocean on record, breaking the previous record held by Typhoon Alice in 1979. Pabuk killed 10 people in Vietnam, Thailand and Malaysia, causing $151 million (US$2019) in damage. Interaction with an upper-level low further compounded negative environmental factors, causing the system to lose a majority of its convection for nearly a day. Ann was the strongest Australian cyclone to develop in May since Rhonda in 1997. The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season was the fourth consecutive above-average and damaging season dating back to 2016. , On September 14, a tropical wave emerged into the Atlantic from the west coast of Africa. The National Hurricane Center is monitoring a tropical wave in the eastern Caribbean Sea that could bring rain clouds to Florida this weekend, but not much more. The system then curved east-southeastward early on October 26, before turning east-northeastward later that day and then northeastward by October 27. The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1st through November 30th. The depression quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Imelda three hours later and peaked with maximum sustained winds of 45 mph (75 km/h) before striking Freeport at 17:45 UTC. The system weakened to a tropical storm later on July 13 and to a tropical depression early on July 15, before transitioning into a remnant low over Arkansas by 12:00 UTC on July 15. 2 Only systems that formed either on or after January 1, 2019 are counted in the seasonal totals. Hurricane Pablo became the easternmost Atlantic storm to ever strengthen into a hurricane, breaking Hurricane Vince’s record. May was a relatively inactive month with eight tropical cyclones forming. The first tropical depression didn't form until June 25; which is the latest start on record, since reliable records were kept in 1971, that a first tropical cyclone ever formed. After reaching peak intensity, Lorenzo began weakening due to upwelling and rapidly increasing southwesterly wind shear. Thunderstorm activity associated with the low became better organized early the following day, resulting in the formation of a tropical depression at 12:00 UTC on October 14 roughly 345 mi (555 km) southeast of the Cabo Verde Islands. A tropical depression briefly reached tropical storm intensity near Japan on 27 June, and was named Sepat. By 18:00 UTC on August 20, the small system gained enough organization to be declared a tropical depression about 370 mi (595 km) southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia. This is because when systems move between basins, it creates a discrepancy in the actual number of fatalities. It will likely develop into a tropical depression or storm by Friday. The 2020 Hurricane Season's Most Remarkable Moments Nov 30, 2020, 11:00 am EST The season officially began on June 1 and ended on November 30. , The nor'easter and subsequent (sub)tropical storm caused heavy surf and storm surge along the coast of the Mid-Atlantic States. 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